When Words Fail: Careful Framing Needed in Research on Asian Americans


Karthick Ramakrishnan published his commentary about the Pew report on Asian Americans on Hyphen’s website. Karthick is associate professor of political science at the University of California, Riverside, and fellow at the Wilson Center in Washington, DC.

Sometimes, a two-page press release can have greater impact on race relations in the United States than an entire report. That certainly seemed to be the case last week, when the Pew Research Center put out a 215-page report on the growing importance of Asian Americans.

The report had many commendable aspects, including presenting new data on the six largest Asian American groups, adding to our knowledge from past demographic studies and surveys. It presented a trove of graphs, maps, and tables for the largest national-origin groups. Unfortunately, it also prioritized questions asked of Asian Americans — regarding their parenting styles and their own stereotypes about Americans — that seemed more concerned with Amy Chua’s Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother than with the priorities of Asian Americans themselves, either as revealed in past surveys or as articulated by organizations serving those communities. And the demographic analysis did not adequately cover national origin groups whose economic outcomes are far less promising.

More concerning than the Pew report, however, was the sensationalist headline on the press release that introduced the study to news media …

Read Karthick’s full commentary on hyphenmagazine.com.


NAAAP Response to Pew Research Center’s “Rise of Asian Americans”

This text is from a commentary by Hector Javier, Chief Strategy Officer for NAAAP National:

The National Association of Asian American Professionals commends Pew Research Center for its recently released research report entitled “The Rise of Asian Americans.” We urge commentators and readers of the report to be fair and to give due critical consideration of its nuances, scope and context, and avoid the temptation to reduce the findings to broad brush strokes, so the general public may get better, balanced insights into the challenges and opportunities that we face as Asians and as Americans. The full 225-page report is available at Pew Research Center Publications.

The research report has gained considerable mainstream media attention for emphasizing the fact that Asians now have the highest immigration rates among all ethnic groups, and for appearing to confirm widely held beliefs that Asians have higher educational and income levels, among other measures of success. The Pew Research Report should be lauded for its generally positive portrayal of Asians in America, and for encouraging more discussion and analysis for a deeper understanding of Asian Americans and of our historical and future roles in a rapidly changing American society. The fact that the Asian community has made great strides over the past century and a half in overcoming racism and international conflicts to become part of the diverse fabric of American life is to be celebrated with an eye to continuing our progress as a just and vibrant society. For NAAAP, these findings further reinforce the belief we have in common with our supporters in the business community, government, and civil society that Asian American professionals, students, immigrants and entrepreneurs are well worth investing in.

Having recently commemorated the 30th anniversary of the murder of Vincent Chin, while applauding the passage of a US House of Representatives resolution apologizing for the Chinese Exclusion Act passed 130 years ago, and living in a time where the US Ambassador to China is a Chinese-American and more American mayors and governors and corporate leaders are now Asian American, we honor our hard-fought gains and promise America our continuing contributions to our society’s successes.

However, NAAAP cautions mainstream media and other observers, including some in our own Asian American community, that the nuances and details of this Pew Research report should be carefully considered. This is not a time for self-indulgent celebratory back-slapping, nor is it a time to rest our laurels on an oversimplified “model minority” stereotype. The Pew Research Center astutely emphasizes that the Asian American community is not a monolithic community, and that it is in fact comprised of many cultures with different ethnic and national origins, different degrees of assimilation and acculturation, and different generational worldviews. As a matter of fact, if one takes the time and effort to read critically beyond the sweeping surface generalities, we find that the Pew Research Center’s report identifies issues and areas of concern which Asian America and American society in general must address.

For example, despite the impressive professional and financial success of Asian Americans as a whol , the Pew research report identifies certain populations in our community as having higher poverty rates than other Americans. Linguistic and cultural barriers remain a concern for first-generation immigrants who were part of the Pew study. The Pew research report also notes that difficulties in relations remain between some ethnic communities, which as a society embracing multicultural tolerance we must continue to resolve. The Pew research report notes that Asian Americans are more likely to be affected by long-term unemployment. Issues such as immigration, the educational pressures on children, the growth of mixed families, and family values in an American cultural context are other topics mentioned in the report that deserve further public discussion.

If we thus take the Pew research report in its proper context, in conjunction with other studies and observations by Asian American organizations*, and in light of reports of widespread bullying of Asian schoolchildren and hazing of Asian American military servicemen, as well as the perpetuation of negative Asian stereotypes in media and in political advertisements, we must point out the continuing disparities in Asian American representation in high-level executive leadership positions in corporate America, in Asian American civic engagement and political involvement, in Asian American health issues, in race-based access to higher education opportunities, and many other issues. We realize that despite impressive progress, we still have a long way to go. Future studies on the Asian American population would benefit from the insights of Asian American organizations which have experience in many of these aforementioned areas.

“The Rise of Asian Americans” should be read as a clarion call and a positive challenge for more study and more action to enable America to better harness the great potential of Asians to contribute to and be an integral part of American society. It is NAAAP’s view that we have a long way to go to make Asian Americans, and American society in general, fulfill the potential of Asian Americans to be leaders and active participants in American and global society. To this end, NAAAP reemphasizes our continuing commitment to engage with our members and with our corporate sponsors and our institutional and civil society partners, as well as our chapters in Canada and our Asian and American diasporas overseas, to develop and nurture the pipeline of emerging leaders and rising leaders for our communities, for our workplaces, and for society’s greater public good.


*NAAAP recognizes our esteemed colleagues at the Leadership Education for Asian Pacifics (LEAP), Asian Pacific Islander American Vote (APIA Vote), Asian American Justice Center (AAJC), the Committee of 100, Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum (APIAHF), Asian Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund (APIASF), and other Asian American organizations.

Letter from Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy and Research Consortium

The following is text from a letter posted on Facebook by Oiyan Poon from the Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy and Research Consortium (AAPIPRC):

We are writing on behalf of the Asian American Pacific Islander Policy and Research Consortium (AAPIPRC), a national organization of four university-based Asian American research centers.[i] We respectfully submit this response to the Pew Research Center’s recent report, The Rise of Asian Americans. Pew has assembled U.S. Census Bureau and government economic data, developing a detailed survey questionnaire, and conducting extensive telephone interviews with a national sample of 3,511 Asians. We acknowledge this is a major investment of Pew Research Center’s time and resources, and as a result has added to the publicly accessible information on the economic, social, and political situation of Asian Americans.

While there are merits to the Pew report, the selection of what information to present and highlight is highly biased, and the framing and interpretation of the analysis are incomplete and implicitly misleading and damaging for Asian American communities. We believe it is important to acknowledge the many accomplishments made by Asian Americans, but not at the expense of a fuller understanding of the diverse, complex and nuanced reality. The publication presents overly generalized descriptive and aggregate statistics, fails to critically explain the causes and limitations of observed outcomes, and falls short of examining tremendous and critical differences among Asian ethnic groups. We echo the comments by many Asian American scholars, advocates and lawmakers who point out how the study could lead policymakers, the media and the public to draw conclusions that reflect inaccurate stereotypes about Asian Americans being only a community with high levels of achievement and few challenges. There are many educational, economic, and health disparities, among others, facing our diverse communities. The selection of included populations leaves out some of the most distressed groups; consequently, the studied subjects are not representative.

As academic researchers, we understand the power and importance of quantitative analysis, but numbers are not just numbers, and they do not speak for themselves. They support a narrative through subjective decisions on topics, research design and methods, large frameworks to interpret results, and prioritizing which findings to highlight. We do not necessarily dispute the validity of many of Pew’s numbers, but we are deeply troubled by the emphasis that leaves the reader with a one-sided picture. A primary example revolves around the claim that “Asian Americans are the highest-income,” an assertion that is the lead line in the press release and rests on median household income. Pew is accurate in reporting the most recently available numbers from the American Community Survey ($66,000 for Asian Americans and $54,000 for non-Hispanic whites), but fails to fully adjust for two critical factors: one, Asian Americans tend to have larger households, and two, they are heavily concentrated in high-cost metropolitan areas.

Because of a larger household size, income does not go as far in covering expenses. Analytically, per capita income is a more realistic measure. Nationally, Asian Americans on the average have 93 cents to every dollar for non-Hispanic whites. High-cost metropolitan area puts a strain on available income, and the economy partially adjusts for this through offsetting higher wages (compensating differential). Analytically, it is more accurate to compare statistics at the metropolitan level. Over half of Asian Americans (54%) live in the ten metropolitan areas with the highest number of Asian Americans. In these areas, Asian Americans have 71 cents to every dollar for non-Hispanic whites. Clearly, the statistics on median household income and on adjusted per capita income portray Asian Americans very differently. Accounting for household size and location is very well known within the extensive literature on Asian Americans. While we realize that Pew acknowledges the potential role of household size and location, it nonetheless decided to spotlight unadjusted median household income. We believe that there are also other analytical flaws with the report because of Pew’s “spin”.

“Spinning” and selectively framing have serious implications. Pew examines race relations, and not surprisingly, the findings indicate inter-group tension. Unfortunately, the report does not adequately explain the factors and context that create the friction nor formulate effective solutions. Instead, it implicitly highlights the negatives. In examining perceived discrimination, the report does not integrate the research showing that Asian Americans are less likely to interpret, report and verbalize such acts, which can result in under-reporting. While the report sheds light on significant U.S. immigration trends and policies as they relate to Asians, it does so in a way that can adversely affect Asian-Latino relations. By highlighting the success of high achieving Asian immigrants, it shifts the immigration policy debates away from the concerns and contributions of Latino immigrants, especially the large numbers who are undocumented. This “model minority” framing can have a damaging impact on intergroup collaborations.

Again, we want to be balanced in our critique. We assume that Pew has made a useful contribution that brings much needed attention to the accomplishments of Asian Americans. At the same time, this has been counter balanced by the negatives. Our goal is to inform the public, decision makers and the media with accurate and well-rounded research that incorporates quantitative and qualitative methods, along with historical and humanistic accounts that give depth to the Asian American experience.

It is important, therefore, for Pew and other organizations to include researchers and analysts with greater knowledge of Asian American experiences. As you know, we are in the process of establishing an independent policy voice that more adequately represents Asian Americans. The Consortium is an initial effort to promote solid applied research. In this larger effort, we look forward to support and collaboration with Pew, along with other mainstream institutions.

We look forward to your response. Please send any correspondence to Professor Paul Ong (pmong@ucla.edu), who has agreed to coordinate AAPIPRC’s activities on this issue.

Sincerely yours,

Professor Joyce Moy, Director
Asian American/Asian Research Institute at the City University of New York

Professor Lois Takahashi, Director
University of California Asian American Pacific Islander Policy Multi-campus Research Program

Professor Paul Watanabe, Director
Institute for Asian American Studies at the University of Massachusetts Boston

Professor David K. Yoo, Director
UCLA Asian American Studies Center

[i] This statement was prepared by Paul Ong, Melany De La Cruz, Chhandara Pech, Jonathan Ong and Don Nakanishi.

AALDEF’s Khin Mai Aung on WBAI Radio

Khin Mai Aung, the Director, Educational Equity Project, at Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund was on WBAI, a Pacifica radio station in New York City, discussing the Pew report on Asian Americans. Will post a link to the audio file if one becomes available.

UPDATE: Here’s the audio file.


Colorlines.com: ‘Asian Americans Respond to Pew’

Great article by Julianne Hing on colorlines.com out this morning.

Karthick Ramakrishnan broke it down the best I think:

Numbers without context don’t help readers understand what kind of meaning they should place on the information they’re given, said Karthick Ramakrishnan, a political scientist at the University of California, Riverside. Ramakrishnan served on Pew’s advisory council, but alongside other members of the board, has raised concerns about the report’s narrative framing.

“What’s really unfortunate is you have studies done by Asian Americans that are very rigorous that get no attention,” he said, citing the National Asian American Survey and Advancing Justice’s 2011 study “Community of Contrast” (PDF), which aggressively dig in to the nuances and diversity of the community. “And then you have an organization like Pew that has a lot of credibility on other things that gets instant recognition.”

Read the full article.

AAJA: Pew Report Points to Need for Newsroom Diversity

The following text is from a press release issued today by AAJA:

The Pew Research Center just released a ground-breaking report on the growth of the Asian American community in the United States.

Several groups representing Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have expressed concern that the Pew analysis reinforces “model minority” stereotypes, especially as it pertains to education. The Asian American Journalists Association (AAJA) shares these concerns, which is why we believe that newsrooms need more AAPI journalists to effectively interpret studies like Pew’s report and to present accurate and fair information to the public.

The study says Asian Americans are the fastest-growing minority group in the country: 5.8 percent of the nation’s population, up from less than 1 percent in 1965, when the modern immigration wave from Asia began.

Yet a recent survey by the American Society of News Editors showed that overall newsroom representation by journalists of color, including Asian Americans, fell for the fourth consecutive year.

Pew found that Asian Americans have the highest incomes and most education among all racial groups in the United States, the type of audience that newsrooms typically covet.

“Pew’s research reinforces the importance of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders as a segment our society that newsrooms need to pay attention to,” said AAJA National President Doris Truong. “It was disappointing to see a lack of diverse perspectives — especially from major news networks — in covering this story. AAJA is well positioned to help hiring managers find talented journalists who can connect with increasingly diverse communities.”

Without the benefit of diverse voices to help educate within the newsroom, some news organizations risk losing credibility with their audience. Not only is diversity in hiring the right thing to do because it mirrors the changing complexion of our nation’s cities, it makes economic sense. Hiring journalists who can speak to a 21st-century audience — one in which people of color will be the majority — allows news organizations to remain relevant.

The Asian American Journalists Association is a nonprofit professional and educational organization with more than 1,500 members across the United States and in Asia. Founded in 1981, AAJA has been at the forefront of change in the journalism industry. AAJA’s mission is to encourage Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) to enter the ranks of journalism, to work for fair and accurate coverage of AAPIs, and to increase the number of AAPI journalists and news managers in the industry. AAJA is an alliance partner in UNITY Journalists, along with the Native American Journalists Association, the National Association of Hispanic Journalists and the National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association. For more information about AAJA, visit www.aaja.org.

Prof. Larry Shinagawa: ‘Pew Research Study Very Problematic and Prone to Generalities and Stereotypes’

Prof. Larry Shinagawa, Associate Professor of the American Studies Department at the University of Maryland, posted this today on Facebook:

For such a reputable and highly regarded institution, I am surprised and extremely dismayed by the stereotyping, pandering to popular culture imagery (e.g., Tiger Mom, Priscilla Chan/Mark Zuckerberg), out-of-date simplistic social theorizing (assimilation theory), perpetuation of the model minority myth, selective sampling, and one-dimensional monolithic treatment of Asian Americans that neglects their tremendous diversity.

The Pew Report begins with: “Asian Americans are the highest-income, best-educated, and fastest-growing racial group in the United States.” This monolithic wordage diminishes the great diversity among Asian Americans and hides behind the moniker of model minority success significant sections of the AA population that live in poverty, have less education, have difficulty regaining jobs, experience higher rates of real estate loss, and who experience significant barriers toward career and educational advancement beyond entry-level.

Moreover, the AA population is generally bi-modal in its socioeconomic characteristics and this has been significantly downplayed in this research with no obvious explanation. Numerous studies have shown this bimodality and have cautioned against simplistic monolithic statements like those made by Pew. Fist year graduate students are admonished not to use the mean or average to simply describe a population, and are advised to to use other indicators and measures to describe populations accurately. Unfortunately, Pew has forgotten this cardinal rule of research summaries and have gone for sensationalism and press bites.

While there is much to be admired about the report, I am extremely dissatisfied with this report’s blinders of never using qualifiers. It would have been fine to say that the report focuses on seven major groups of AAs, but to say that AAs are a high income, high education, and fast-growing population is to be inaccurate, at best. Significant omissions include the very much lower education and higher poverty rates experienced by many Southeast AAs, neglect for poverty and income disparity indicators, and few measures of barriers to admission, promotion, and advancement. Instead of exploring barriers, this study states that only 13 percent of AAs say that discrimination is a “major problem for them.”

One other problem is its pitting of groups against one another. The press release blares, “Asian OVERTAKE Hispanics in New Immigrant Arrivals; SURPASS U.S. Public in Valuing Marriage, Parenthood, Hard Work (Emphasis mine).” Why OVERTAKE? Why not AAs now experience the highest levels of immigration to the U.S.? Why SURPASS? Compared towhom? Why use such battle words and simplistic comparison words when more factual words would be more accurate and without judgment? Unfortunately, I fear, the PEW report is biased toward advancing a model minority imagery that pits Asian Americans against one another and against other groups. It perpetuates outdated images of their “traditional” family values, “right” values, and “unchanging” conservative social attitudes.

Imagine if any community was described as being “the highest income, best educated, and fastest-growing population. AAs are more satisfied than the general public with their own lives and the nation’s direction, and they place a higher value on marriage, parenthood, hard work and career success.” I imagine many members would at first take initial pride over that statement, but soon they would wonder if that characterization fits their own experiences or other members of their community. I would guess that they would find the imagery belies the great diversity within their group. They would wonder why such a statement is made, for what purposes, and who does it serve? They would who would be hurt and nelected in their community because of this great oversimplification.

It is my great wish that further research will be conducted in the near future that explores in a more nuanced fashion the great diversity of conditions and experiences facing Asian Americans. This Pew study is not one of them, although it had a wonderful and very rare opportunity to have been so. Now Asian Americans and those concerned about Asian Americans must continue to endeavor to advance scholarship that is community-informed and community-relevant. I am confident that this will happen in the near future.

Asian Pacific Fund’s Audrey Yamamoto on the Pew Report

Audrey Yamamoto on KQED Radio (audio)

Audrey Yamamoto, President & Executive Director of the Asian Pacific Fund, speaks with KQED radio about the Pew report.


NAPAWF: Pew Report Should Not Be Misused to Further Model Minority Myth

The following text is from a press release issued yesterday by NAPAWF:

Today the Pew Research Center released a new demographic survey and report on Asians and Asian Americans in the United States. While the survey makes meaningful findings, the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum (NAPAWF) warns that “The Rise of Asian Americans” should not be misused to further the myth of the “model minority.”

“The ‘model minority’ myth continues to make invisible many of the real needs in our community,” said Miriam Yeung, executive director of the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum (NAPAWF). “American Pacific Islander women experience myriad health disparities, discrimination, long-term unemployment, domestic violence, foreclosure and more, but reports like this make it hard for those in need to have their voices heard.”

Asian Americans now comprise almost 6 percent of the U.S. population. The report recognizes Asians as the largest group of new immigrants arriving annually to the United States — a natural gateway to discussions about immigration and civil rights — but more in-depth analysis is needed to sincerely assess these issues. While the report does acknowledge that some Asian-American communities are poorer than their white counterparts, more light must be shed on the daily struggles of being an immigrant navigating the U.S. workforce and school systems.

“We can’t have a discussion about Asians in America without addressing the diversity of the population,” said Yeung. “Many in our communities are achieving the success our parents and grandparents dreamed about — but there is a gap in the report that would tell the story of those who are not.”

Nearly fifty years after the “model minority” label was introduced, Asian Americans still struggle to be seen and heard from their own perspective. An important next step in the struggle is for researchers to ask the questions that truly concern Asian Americans — questions that reveal the full complexity of a diverse, evolving community.

The National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum is the only national, multi-issue Asian and Pacific Islander (API) women’s organization in the country. NAPAWF’s mission is to build a movement to advance social justice and human rights for API women and girls.

Hmong National Development Dismayed by Pew Report

The following text is from a press release issued today by HND:

Hmong National Development (HND) is extremely concerned with the Pew Research Center’s (PRC) report on Asian Americans released yesterday.

In “The Rise of Asian Americans”, the PRC purports that the study is a “comprehensive portrait of Asian Americans” (p. 3). Their sample, however, was comprised mainly of individuals from the top six Asian ethnic populations in the United States: Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese Americans.

Hmong, Lao and Cambodian communities, among others, are not represented in the sample.  The exclusion of these communities from a study which intends to paint a comprehensive portrait of Asian Americans is unacceptable.

It is particularly alarming when the highlights of the report suggest that in comparison to other races, Asian Americans are the most educated, wealthiest, happiest and face the least discrimination in America.

HND’s work in Hmong communities across the country and our own analysis of 2010 Census data reveal that across all racial and ethnic groups, Hmong Americans have some of the lowest rates of educational attainment and highest rates of poverty in the country. While 85% of the general population has a high school degree or higher, this rate is only 62% for Hmong Americans.

Similarly, 28% of Americans have a Bachelor’s degree, whereas for Hmong this rate is only 14%. Further, while 1 in 10 families in the U.S. live in poverty, this rate is 1 in 4 for Hmong families.

These statistics paint a picture that is glaringly different than the image of Asian Americans portrayed by the PRC report.

HND President/CEO Bao Vang stated, “Research on Asian Americans that does not include Hmong or other recent Southeast Asian communities negates the refugee and migration experiences we have endured. Our experiences are markedly different from other Asian American ethnic groups, including Vietnamese, depending on pre-migration factors such as prior education level. The issues facing our communities are erased when reports such as the Pew Research Center’s suggest that poverty and racism are a thing of the past for Asian Americans.”

While the PRC’s report highlights several important trends in migration patterns and population statistics, we cannot ignore the fact that the exclusion of several Southeast Asian ethnic communities from the sample paints a false picture of what the current status is of Asian Americans today.

HND continues to advocate for the disaggregation of Asian American Pacific Islander ethnic data, as well as the inclusion of Hmong samples in research studies.

HND will be releasing our report on the current state of Hmong Americans, which analyzes 2010 Census data, later this year.

About Hmong National Development  Hmong National Development, Inc. (HND) is a national, 501(c)(3), not-for-profit organization whose mission is to empower the Hmong community to achieve prosperity and equality through education, research, policy advocacy and leadership development. Founded in 1993, HND is the leading national policy advocacy organization for the Hmong American community. For the past 19 years, HND has provided local Hmong non-profits with capacity building and technical assistance tools, advocated for legislation which impacts our communities, cultivated leadership in youth through internship programs and youth empowerment models, and most notably are recognized for our Hmong National Development Conference.

Higher Education Leaders Disappointed In Pew Research Center Data Stating Asian American Students Are ‘Best Educated’

The folllowing text is from a press release issued yesterday by APIASF and CARE

The Asian & Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund (APIASF) and the National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education (CARE)–the leading AAPI student- and research-focused organizations, respectively–are extremely dismayed with today’s release of the new Pew Research Center study, The Rise of Asian Americans, which only reinforces the mischaracterizations of Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students that contribute to their exclusion from federally-supported policies, programs, and initiatives. Presenting such findings offer nothing in the way of positive changes for this historically underserved student population. This data only further burdens down Asian American students who have to fight against the “model minority myth;” a misleadingly falsehood that deems them to be well-educated and financially successful.

APIASF and CARE believe the Pew Research Center report is disparaging on many fronts, including: Failure to explore the higher education experiences of Southeast Asians, omission of data on Pacific Islander students, suppression of poverty rates, and dismissal of un-satisfaction levels. In fact, there are significant differences between AAPI student sub-groups in their rate of college enrollment, persistence, and degree attainment. While many Asian Americans have a high rate of college attendance, a large concentration of Pacific Islanders (50.2 percent) and South East Asians (40.3 percent), ages 25-34, have not attended college. A large concentration of Pacific Islanders (56.1 percent) and South East Asians (45.1 percent), ages 25-34, who attended college, left without earning a degree; more than half of these students left before completing one year of college. Similar to Southeast Asians, Pacific Islanders have a very high rate of attrition during college. Among Pacific Islanders, 47.0 percent of Guamanians, 50.0 percent of Native Hawaiians, 54.0 percent of Tongans, and 58.1 percent of Samoans entered college, but left without earning a degree. In addition, among its scholars, APIASF says nearly 60 percent are first-generation students and nearly 60 percent are from families living at or below the poverty line. Finally, AAPI students have some of highest rates of stress, anxiety, and depression–in response to the “Tiger Mom” influence–which all lead to high suicide rates.

If reports, such as the one presented by the Pew Research Center, continue to tell only part of the AAPI student story, APIASF and CARE believe it can cause harmful consequences. We speak out against any and all such data and policy that does not help to realize the full degree-earning potential of the AAPI student population. We encourage all to engage in purposeful research and action that aligns with the reality of AAPI students’ lives, rather than continuing to overlook the barriers that hinder their ability to earn a degree.

About APIASF:  Based in Washington, D.C., the Asian & Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund (APIASF) is the nation’s largest non-profit organization devoted to providing college scholarships for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI). APIASF works to create opportunities for students to access, complete, and succeed after post-secondary education; thereby developing future leaders who will excel in their career, serve as role models in their communities, and will ultimately contribute to a vibrant America. Since 2003, APIASF has distributed more than $60 million in scholarships to deserving AAPI students. APIASF manages two scholarship programs: APIASF’s general scholarship and the Gates Millennium Scholars/Asian Pacific Islander Americans funded by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

About CARE:  The National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education (CARE), consisting of a national commission, research advisory group, and research team at New York University, aims to engage realistic and actionable discussions about the mobility and educational opportunities for Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) and how distinctions of race, ethnicity, language, and other factors play out in the day-to-day operations of America’s education system. Our goal is to provide much needed and timely research on key issues and trends related to access and participation of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in higher education.